Swimming pool – Montreuil

In a few words

This study is carried out for pool areas. The CFD model includes the air volumes of the tank hall and the walls in contact with the outside.


Swimming pool - Montreuil








Air conditioning

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Description of the project

Condensation in swimming pools is a natural phenomenon that occurs when warm, moist air comes into contact with a cold surface. When moisture combines with warm air, it cools, causing a drop in temperature that leads to the formation of condensation. The walls and surfaces of swimming pools are generally cooler than the ambient air, allowing them to cool the humid air and cause condensation.

Photo d'architecte des travaux d'une piscine
3D CFD study model

This space is characterized by a warm, humid environment (around 27°C-28°C and 60-65%RH), with water evaporation and condensation phenomena influencing heat transfer and occupant comfort.

Creation of a digital study model

Our experienced EOLIOS engineers carried out an on-site audit before carrying out a CFD study of the entire building, to highlight the various problems encountered on the site.

Etude thermographie d'une piscine
Identification of a blowing zone and its effects under the roof
Etude thermographie d'une toiture - Danpalon - mesure des performances thermiques
Simulation of the wind under the roof

Simulation of the wind around the building

The first CFD simulations of the external aeraulics have highlighted different interesting phenomena that could allow the increase of the wind potential. By restricting the cross-section of wind flow to the rear of the building, a Venturi effect is created, resulting in a local increase in wind speed.

Following this study, Eolios was able to propose different designs that respected the various architectural challenges. These findings led to in-depth work with the design teams, to accentuate and exploit this local increase in speed.

Modélisation 3d d'une piscine pour faire des études aérauliques
Figure - 3D CFD study model - large basin

Blowing principle in the pool hall

The pool’s air temperature is controlled by the HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) system.

Flow distribution is carried out in accordance with the HVAC DOE, which identifies each individual supply air point and associates it with a diffusion flow rate.

In our study, we assume that the blast nozzles have been balanced. In this case, the flow rate is set individually for each supply nozzle, and air transfer ducts are not included in the model (except to take account of the air mask inside the air volume).

Precise integration of broadcast systems

Most of the air is blown in via floor grilles along the curtain walls. All existing supply points are maintained and integrated into the CFD study model.

Modélisation CFD des effets d'induction pour une buse conique
Study of wind speeds under the roof in the wind turbine siting areas

Air distribution via supply grilles along curtain walls

Most of the air is blown in via floor grilles along the curtain walls. All existing blowing points are maintained and integrated into the CFD study model . Complex to understand, it represents air movements throughout the dock hall.

This current-tube distribution shows how the air movesfrom the diffusion grilles on the facades.

Etude des effets de diffusion d'air proche d'un mur rideau dans une piscine - simulation CFD
Figure - Current tube representation of air velocities

Blowing principle in the pool hall

In our various studies, EOLIOS engineers have put together different scenarios to guarantee and promote different solutions to meet the customer’s needs.

In this study extract, we have integrated a total additional diffusion of 20,000 m3/h, i.e. two diffusing ducts under roofs (10,000 m3/h each).

This extract will deal with the example with the addition of directional nozzles.

Etude des recirculation d'air dans une piscine par simulation cfd - étude du brassage
Figure - Current tube representation of air velocities
Etude des mouvement d'air macro aéraulique dans une piscine
Figure - Current tube representation of air velocities

Study of average air age

The average age of the air is the characteristic average time spent by the air in the volume under consideration between the moment it is blown in by the diffusion systems and the moment it is extracted by the air extraction systems.

Etude de l'âge moyen de l'air dans une piscine par simulation CFD
Study of average air age

Surface condensation analysis

Convective wall exchanges are linked to surface air velocity, which drives thermal exchanges. In fact, the surface temperature of a wall with air circulation will be closer to the temperature inside the room than a wall with very little circulation in the dead zone, whose temperature will tend towards the outside temperature.

Figure - Infrared thermography
Figure - Surface temperatures - CFD simulation

For both facades, an air mantle heats the glazing surface along the wall, which is linked to diffusion via air banks to treat the facade directly.

The diffusion system appears to be dimensioned to combat the effects of cold walls and the appearance of condensation on facades. However, in winter conditions, at temperatures of <5°C, traces of condensation may appear in the roof area. For facades, for example, diffusion ensures that a man-height fascia is always effectively treated at -7°C outside.

Etude de la condensation surfacique d'un mur rideau dans une piscine
Figure - Current tube representation of air velocities

The engineers deduced that the areas most prone to condensation are those where the surface layer is poorly stirred in contact with a poorly insulated wall. Generally, these zones appear behind air masks (beams, posts, studs, etc.). At -7°C outside, the roof reveals large areas of condensation.

Video summary of the study

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