Cold Room – Leipzig

In a few words

The in-depth study of EOLIOS allowed to equip a cold room with a redundancy system.

What is a coldbox?


Generally a cold room, or cold box, is described as an insulated thermal envelope that maintains a cold environment. These spaces are commonly used for temperature-controlled storage of food and pharmaceutical products. The term “cold box” can also be used to describe an industrial refrigerator that maintains very low temperatures.

Cold room for pharmaceutical storage

For this study, the cold box is a refrigerated hall that is used to store medical products that are sensitive to temperature variations. These boxes are designed to maintain stable and accurate temperatures for long periods of time, allowing medical products to maintain their characteristics.

Arrangement of the refrigerated storage hall

The coldbox here is a 23,700m3 room with little insulation on the floor, revealing a concrete slab.

Photos d'une coldbox - avec stockage grande hauteur
3D CFD study model

Thermal audit of a cold room

Study of the leakage rate

Our team conducted a series of surveys to estimate the leakage rate between the two main study areas.

First, readings were taken at the sectional door of the freezer area. There are leaks at the bottom of the door facing the loading area. Indeed, the door seal looks like it has been cut and gives rise to an air passage. These leaks will be highlighted with the thermographic images.

Leakage from the other sectional freezer door is generally lower due to the presence of the entire seal. However, this type of door necessarily results in a higher leakage rate than standard sealed doors.

These readings were also taken at the sectional doors between the shelving areas and the non-air-conditioned areas. We note in particular quite high leakage rates at the level of the cardboard passage hatches.

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Infrared thermography of insulation defects

Our team proceeded to a series of surveys measured with a thermal camera in order to observe the insulation of the two main study areas.

Effet de pont thermique dans une chambre froide - caméra thermique
Study of wind speeds under the roof in the wind turbine siting areas

A thermal bridge between the coldbox and the exterior was noted. This thermal bridge is mainly due to a construction defect impacting on the good temperature of the room, resulting in particular in overconsumption of energy.

Audit of thermal control systems

Condenseur - climatisation - chambre froide
Study of wind speeds under the roof in the wind turbine siting areas

CFD simulation of a cold room

Audit of thermal control systems

CF studiesD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) da chambre froide are used to illustrate air circulation dyears the chambre. Elthe allows to study how the chaleon is transportee à through the murs and à through lair. Elthe mountre également how lair circule autor of différents éments which compoundent the chambre, tels that the byois, the portes and the étagèwhere the goods are stored. The vidéo peut également mountrer how the cold is transported by the air and how it is distribué at through of the room. Inendit was studied how the température and lhumidity shave distribuées around and in the products that need to be maintained at temperature.

The air movements can be used to determine the direction and velocity of the air, and can also be used to predict recirculation and bypass effects.

Study of air velocities by CFD simulation

Aéraulique d'une chambre froide - étude des vitesses d'air - effet de soufflage des brasseurs d'air
Air velocity study at 8 m
Aéraulique d'une chambre froide - étude des vitesses d'air
Study of air velocity at 2 m

Study of the temperature distribution

Aéraulique d'une chambre froide - étude des températures
Temperature map in the freezer zone

Study of the air distribution

The objective of the study is to evaluate precisely the different air movements in the freezer zone for a design with 4 climate control systems. This simulation will allow to define the optimal placement of the new system, allowing redundancy, without it giving rise to low speed zones, recirculation and bypass that could lead to a rise in temperature.

Etude de l'aéraulique d'un entrepôt de stockage pharmaceutique
Study of air velocities in a cold room

The advantages of CFD simulation for high rack spaces and cold rooms

Thanks to numerical simulation, EOLIOS is able to foresee numerous scenarios and anticipate unforeseen events related to stratification, recirculation, bypass phenomena and failure scenarios.

Thus, multiphysics modeling allows to take into account the phenomena taking place in various high rack spaces. Their origins and impacts are determined by our EOLIOS engineers. The expertise of EOLIOS in thermal and aeraulics offers innovative and relevant solutions for climatic, thermal and fire risks.

Video summary of the study

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