Plant – Wind turbine

In a few words

EOLIOS engineers have carried out CFD studies of a wind turbine production plant to ensure climate control in extreme conditions.

Description of the project

Design of air distribution in a production workshop

The diffusion system represents the terminal and visible part of an HVAC installation. The air diffusion determines the success or not of the installation. Indeed, it influences the occupant’s perception of his comfort and his feeling of heat or cold.

But the comfort of the occupant is also found in the quality of his indoor air and the air diffusion is closely linked to the quality of the air. When properly designed, it allows the evacuation of pollutants and contributes to the development of a healthy environment for the occupant. On the other hand, the diffusion system (heat generation, cooling and terminal blowing) is one of the first sources of energy consumption. Finally, air diffusion and thermal comfort are also defined by the ISO 7730 standard. This standard identifies qualitative criteria that measure and evaluate moderate thermal environments. It is therefore necessary to consider the system used to distribute the air prepared in a central or terminal air conditioning unit. Generally, air velocities in occupied areas should be limited to less than 0.2 m/s.

Climate control of large industrial volumes: aeraulics at the heart of the issues

In order to respond to these requirements related to air quality, thermal comfort, energy efficiency and hygrometry control, it is important to understand the mechanisms that shape the structure of the airflow and to master the different physical phenomena that are at the origin of heat and moisture transfer within the building

We propose an approach capable of meeting these demands through the use of CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) codes that involve a numerical solution of the equations governing the physics of the flow. CFD is a sophisticated analysis technique that allows us to study not only the behavior of fluid flow, but also heat and moisture transfer.

In this context, it is a question of simulating by numerical calculation the thermo aeraulic behavior of the various phenomena which take place in the future center of a wind turbine design center. The approach and results of the studies are presented in the following chapters.

Photo d'une pâle d'éolienne en cours de fabrication dans une usine
Wind turbine production plant

Comfort objective

The comfort of diffusion in the occupied area is characterized by the following criteria:
▪ Absence of strong temperature stratification in the occupied zone.
▪ Good indoor air quality.
▪ Absence of air currents in the occupied area, here the objtectif is: <0,2 m/s under 4m.

Creation of a digital study model

Sub-modeling of air diffusion systems:

Modélisation CFD des effets de diffusion d'air par un brasseur d'air chaud.
Under-modeled systems in CFD for integration in the workshop

CFD simulation of climatic conditions in the production workshop

Illustration d'étude CFD - usine - eolienne
Study of wind speeds under the roof in the wind turbine siting areas

Evaporation modeling in CFD simulation


Maintaining a specific relative humidity level is essential for the manufacturing process of wind turbines.

Development of a specific methodology for integration into CFD studies

We take up the methodology and the developed characteristics of the thermal calculation (contributions and losses). The values included in the CFD calculation are the simulated values of the project.

In a numerical model, the elements are as described, and only as described. In terms of the envelope, this often leads to surreal perfection: the materials are perfectly homogeneous and perfectly implemented. The only thermal bridges are those described, and it is at best very complicated, if not impossible, to anticipate all thermal bridges (structural thermal bridges and those related to the attachment system are generally taken into account; thermal bridges due to holes or network passages are generally not).

Photo expliquant le principe d'un brumisateur
Study of wind speeds under the roof in the wind turbine siting areas

We do not consider any other source of moisture than the systems.

The specific moisture gradient is zero, because the surfaces are impermeable (the moisture flux is zero). Remember that the relative humidity is calculated from the following parameters: temperature, pressure and specific humidity. The walls are completely opaque to vapor migration. Indeed, the amount of water migrating in the walls is small for the time scale considered.

The vapour-liquid interface is assumed to be in thermodynamic equilibrium, the phase change occurs under saturation conditions (relative humidity of 100%).

Study of wind speeds under the roof in the wind turbine siting areas

Climate study

CFD simulations helped optimize the design of a wind turbine blade production facility by predicting weather conditions for different engineering scenarios.

Thus, the studies have made it possible toaider à improve overall efficiency of processus from production and à refromire the coûts. Elthe permitted from visualiser the dynamics of fluides dyears a atelirst and from simuler of processus tels that the ventilation, the refroidissement and lévacuation of pollutants.

Video summary of the study

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